Having been demonstrated in mice,* bioengineered tooth regeneration is becoming available to humans.* A combination of stem cells, scaffold material and signalling molecules can be used to regrow a fully functional, living tooth in around two months – complete with roots, inner pulp and outer enamel. Until now, dental implant therapies had required pre-existing, high quality bone structures to support the artificial implants. Full reconstruction of natural, healthy teeth in patients without adequate bone support is therefore now possible.
Another technique to emerge this year is Electrically Accelerated and Enhanced Remineralisation (EAER). This allows a decayed tooth to effectively repair and heal itself without the need for drills, needles or fillings. This breakthrough procedure uses electrical stimulation to help teeth “remineralise” by pushing minerals like calcium and phosphate back into the tooth to repair the damaged site.*
Further into the future, dentures and fillings gradually become obsolete as a result of these and other new treatments, improving the health and well-being of millions of people.